World Obesity Day 2023: Changing Perspectives and Promoting Practical Solutions
World Obesity Day is observed to raise awareness of practical solutions to help individuals achieve and maintain a healthy weight, receive effective treatment, and reverse the obesity pandemic.
According to the World Obesity Federation (World Obesity), a global organisation committed only to obesity, the topic for ‘World Obesity Day 2023’ is ‘Changing Perspectives: Let’s Speak About Obesity. The subject for this year was chosen with the purpose of altering perceptions on obesity: correcting myths, reducing stigmas, and convincing everyone to transition from single points of view to shared initiatives.
The yearly campaign began in 2015 with the purpose of promoting and supporting practical steps that would aid individuals in obtaining and maintaining a healthy weight, as well as reversing the worldwide obesity pandemic.
What exactly is obesity?
Obesity is a medical condition defined as having too much fat on one’s body. As this fat accumulates, it can lead to major health concerns. A body mass index (BMI) of 25 or above is considered overweight, while a BMI of 30 or more is considered obese, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
How did obesity become a worldwide problem?
Obesity is caused by a calorie imbalance between calories ingested and calories burned. Consumption of energy-dense foods high in fat and free sugars has grown in recent decades as worldwide diets have evolved.
Physical activity has also declined as a result of the changing nature of various types of job, improved mobility, and growing urbanisation.
According to the global illness burden, the problem has reached epidemic proportions, with more than 4 million people dying each year due to being overweight or obese in 2017.
According to WHO data, the global prevalence of overweight or obese children and adolescents aged 5 to 19 years grew more than fourfold between 1975 and 2016, from 4% to 18%.
The great majority of overweight or obese children are found in developing nations, where the pace of rise is more than 30% higher than in industrialised countries.
Obesity and being overweight are substantial risk factors for a wide range of chronic illnesses, including cardiovascular disorders such as heart disease and stroke, among the leading causes of mortality globally.
Obesity can also lead to diabetes and its consequences, such as blindness, limb amputations, and dialysis.
Obesity can lead to musculoskeletal problems such as osteoarthritis.
Endometrial, breast, ovarian, prostate, liver, gallbladder, kidney, and colon cancers have all been associated with obesity. Even if a person is only slightly overweight, the risk of many noncommunicable illnesses grows and becomes more serious as BMI rises.
What steps may be taken to avoid obesity?
To lower the risk of being overweight and obese, limit the number of calories ingested from fats and carbohydrates, increase the part of your daily intake of fruit, vegetables, legumes, whole grains, and nuts, and engage in regular physical exercise (60 minutes per day for children and 150 minutes per week for adults).
Studies have indicated that exclusive breastfeeding from birth to 6 months of age reduces the risk of infants being overweight or obese.
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